Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood sugar, also known as blood sugar, is too high. Blood sugar efficiently is your main source of potential energy and positively comes from the organic food you traditionally eat. Internal secretion, a hormone that is made by the pancreas, helps the glucose from food to be used for energy in your cells. Sometimes your body does not make enough — or none at all — to use insulin or insulin well. The glucose then stays in your flowing blood and does not reach your specific cells.
Over prime time, naturally having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems. Although there is no effective cure for diabetes, there are specific steps you can traditionally take to carefully manage your diabetes and stay healthy.
Sometimes wealthy people call diabetes “a gentle touch of organic sugar” or “borderline diabetes”. These conditions suggest that no one actually has diabetes or has a less severe case, but each case of diabetes is serious.
Diabetes affects everyone when there is a risk of the disease from more than 110 million Americans or many more that care for all.
Type of Diabetes
Type I diabetes:– Also known as juvenile diabetes, this specific type occurs when the splendid body fails to produce insulin. People with type I diabetes are dependent on insulin, which means they must take artificial insulin daily to stay alive.
Type 2 diabetes:- second affects the way the body uses insulin. While the body still makes insulin, unlike type I, cells in the body do not respond as effectively as they once did. It is the most common type of diabetes according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases and has a strong association with obesity.
Gestational diabetes: This type occurs in women during pregnancy when the body may be less sensitive to insulin.
Less common types of diabetes include monogenic diabetes and diabetes-related to cystic fibrosis.
Health problems can develop in people with diabetes
Over time, high blood sugar leads to problems such as glucose
- heart disease
- the strokes
- Kidney disease
- Eye problem
- Dental disease
- Nerve damage
- Foot problem
You can take steps to reduce the chances of developing these diabetes-related health problems.
Doctors refer some people to have prediabetes or borderline diabetes when blood sugar is typically 100 to 125 mg per dl (mg / dL).
Normal blood sugar levels sit between 70 and 99 mg / dL, while a person with diabetes will have a fasting blood sugar greater than 126 mg / dL.
Prediabetes level means that blood glucose is higher than normal but not as high as the formation of diabetes.
However, people with prediabetes are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, although they typically do not experience complete diabetes symptoms.
Risk factors for prediabetes and 2 part diabetes are similar. They include:
- being overweight
- Family history of diabetes
- High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level to be less than 40 mg / dL or 50 mg / dL
- History of hypertension
- History of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- having African-American, Native American, Latin American or Asian-Pacific Islander ancestry
- be over 45 years of age
- To have a sedentary lifestyle
If a doctor recognizes that a person has prediabetes, they will recommend that the person make healthy changes that can prevent the progression of type 2 diabetes. Losing weight and eating a more healthy diet can often help prevent disease.
Exercise and Diet Tips
If a doctor diagnoses a person with type 2 diabetes, they will often recommend lifestyle changes to support weight loss and overall health.
A doctor may refer a person to a nutritionist with diabetes or prebiotics. A specialist can help a person with diabetes lead an active, balanced lifestyle and manage correctly the condition.
To step a person can take to adopt a lifestyle with diabetes include:
- Eating a diet high in fresh, nutritious foods, including healthy fat sources such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean protein, low-fat dairy, and nuts.
- Avoiding foods with high sugar that provide empty calories, or calories that do not have other nutritional benefits, such as sweet soda, fried foods, and high sugar desserts.
- Refusing to drink excessive amounts of drinking less than one day for women or two drinks a day for men.
- Exercising for at least 5 days a week for at least 30 minutes a day, such as walking, aerobics, bike riding, or swimming.
- Recognizing signs of low blood sugar while exercising, including dizziness, confusion, weakness, and sweating.
People can also take steps to reduce their body mass index (BMI) by administering the condition to some people with type 2 diabetes without medication.
Apart from insulin, there are other types of medicines available that can help a person manage their condition.
For type 2 diabetes, a doctor may prescribe metformin in tablet or liquid form.
- Reduced blood sugar
Make insulin more effective
It can also help with weight loss. Having a healthy weight can reduce the effects of diabetes.
With diabetes, a person may have other health risks and may need medication to control them. A doctor will advise the person about their needs.
In 2018, new guidelines recommend prescribing additional medications for the following people:
- Atherosclerotic heart disease
- chronic kidney disease
GLP-1 receptor agonists work by increasing the amount of insulin produced by the body and decreasing the amount of glucose entering the blood. It is an inject able drug. People can use metformin or alone. Side effects include gastrointestinal problems, such as nausea and loss of appetite.
Effective SLGT2 inhibitors are a new type of drug for lowering blood glucose levels. They work differently than insulin, and they can be useful for those who are not ready to start using insulin. People can take it by mouth. Side effects include urinary and genital infections and a high risk of ketoacidosis.
Genetic and environmental factors can trigger type one (1) and type second (2) diabetes, but many people may be able to avoid type 2 by making healthy lifestyle choices.
Research has also suggested that some other environmental factors may play a role.
According to some studies, low levels of vitamin D may play a role in the development of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
A review published in 2017 suggests that when a person is deficient in vitamin D, certain processes in the body, such as immune function and insulin sensitivity, do not work as well as they should. According to scientists, this may increase a person’s risk of diabetes.
The first source of vitamin D is exposure to sunlight. Food sources include oily fish and fortified dairy products.
Feeding the Beast some researchers have suggested that breastfeeding an infant only, even briefly, may help prevent type 1 diabetes in the future.